Gemmology
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Tuesday, 21 September 2021


Gemmology — gemstones — characteristics, classification, specimens, library
Hackmanite

GEMMOLOGY — GEMSTONES

characteristics, classification, specimens, library

As gemstones we accept cut specimens of crystals of natural mineral species having a visible transparency and certain durability. From over 4800 known minerals (according to data of the International Mineralogical Association), approximately 150 satisfy the above conditions and form crystals of sufficient size to be cut.

The section ‘Classification’ presents descriptions of 171 different kinds of natural gemstones (106 mineral species). The Nickel-Strunz systematic order (10th edition) is used. Since gemmology does not always follow the systematics of minerals in naming, many popular varieties or just ’names’ are listed.

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Classification
Featured

Kyanite

— In gneisses, schists, included pegmatites, and quartz veins, from regional metamorphism of sedimentary rocks (Anthony et al., 2001—2005).
Kyanite

The section ‘Repository’ contains data and photos of 760 specimens of gemstones. The smallest is just 1.96 mm (0.02 ct) ruby from Mozambique, and the largest — 70.11 mm (326.60 ct) rock crystal from Africa. Besides there are 8 specimens of synthetic stones.

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Repository
Topaz — specimen 0567

Some exceptional specimens of gemstones from our ‘Repository’

More specimens of gemstones
Pargasite — specimen 0294
Rock crystal — specimen 0300
Andesine — specimen 0306
Peridot — specimen 0307

— More from ‘Repository

Currently there are 283 bibliographical references and abstracts to publications with gemmological or mineralogical thematics in the ‘Library’. The section comprises also a glossary with 391 terms.
Library
Glossary

prismatine — species of mineral; faceted specimens exist
psilomelane — obsolete name; see psilomelane in ‘Classification’
pyrite — species of mineral; faceted specimens exist
pyroclastics — clastic rocks composed solely or primarily of volcanic materials
Publications

Anthony, J. W., Bideaux, R. A., Bladh, K. W., Nichols, M. C. (Eds), 2001—2005 — Sussexite — Features the data of sussexite; from ‘Handbook of Mineralogy’.
Anthony, J. W., Bideaux, R. A., Bladh, K. W., Nichols, M. C. (Eds), 2001—2005 — Nifontovite — Features the data of nifontovite; from ‘Handbook of Mineralogy’.