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Signs of the bear life activities and their utilization for the monitoring of the bear (Ursus arctos L.) in Bulgaria

Nikolai Spassov; Geko Spiridonov; Vasil Ivanov; Lyudmil Asenov

29 December 2015 · volume 22 · pp. 73–83 · PDF [full text]

Abstract: A number of signs of the life activity of the brown bear (Ursus arctos L.) (apart from bear footprints: scats, tree markings, overturned stones, messed ant-hills and damaged fruit trees) which give the opportunity to detect the presence of the animal and, in several cases, to identify the different individuals, are analyzed. The identification after the individual habitus is also discussed. These features could add complementary information to the footprint identification during the monitoring of the brown bear in Bulgaria.

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