[Summary]: The Central European mountainous faunistic element in Bulgaria includes taxa which are distributed both in the mountains of Central and South Europe (in Bulgaria respectively). Some of them have mountainous origin, and others are probably northern forms, which disappeared in North Europe by reason of the drastic climatic changes during the Quaternary, and are now preserved only in some refuges of the European mountains. It is obvious that the components of the Central European mountainous element “have come” to this country from the Central European mountains during the glaciations mainly. Two lists of taxa of the Central European mountainous faunistic element in Bulgaria are given: I. Taxa of Central European and Bulgarian mountains. II. Mountainous endemics, derivatives of Central European mountainous forms.