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Птици от средновековни селища в България [Birds from some medieval settlements in Bulgaria]


Златозар Боев [Zlatozar Boev]

31 December 1995 · volume 5 · pp. 61–67 · PDF [full text]

Abstract: [no abstract available originally]

[Summary]: The bird bone remains from nine medieval settlements of various age (6th to 17th century A. D.) — Kamobat, Krivnya, Preslav, Karanovo, Pliska, Yambol, Dyadovo, Voden and Vidin — are studied. Twenty species of birds are identified by the 309 bones and bone fragments. Four of them are domestic: fowl, goose, duck and turkey. The Domestic Turkey is reported for the second time in Bulgaria (Vidin, 8th to 17th century A. D.), the Ruddy Shelduck and Grey Heron — for the first time. The breeding of Domestic Fowl was the base of the poultry breeding. This species consists of 86,2 percent of bone remains and 74,5 percent of the specimens of domestic birds. One third of Domestic Fowl have been used as chicken. The large gamefowl have been represented by Bustard, Mute Swan, Capercaillie, Crane, White-fronted Goose, Ruddy Shelduck and Colchic Pheasant. The last mentioned one thousand years ago has had much wider distribution in East Bulgaria, including the regions north of the Balkan range. The most interesting among the birds with uncertain importance to the ancient peoples, are the three bones of the wings two Lammergeiers (Pliska, 10th century A. D.). Among the remaining species are the Sparrowhawk, Raven, Magpie, Turtle Dove, etc.

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