Chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra)
In the early Holocene the range of the chamois included all mountains in Southern and Central Europe, but today it has disappeared in 4/5 of its former habitats. In our country this European 'antelope' has survived only in the Pirin, Rila and Central Balkan Mountains and the Western Rhodopes, but once it jumped on the rocks of Osogovo, Vitosha, Sredna Gora mountain and other our mountains. It is important to know that despite its Bulgarian name (meaning Wild goat), the chamois is not the ancestor of the domestic goat. In Bulgaria and the Balkans this species is represented by a local native subspecies — the Balkan chamois (R. rupicapra balcanica). Today chamois is an endangered species of the Red Book of Bulgaria.